sábado, 16 de junho de 2012

Conferência sobre emigração portuguesa em Londres - "O céu é o limite" (resumo da intervenção)


The role of woman in the Portuguese Diaspora has been relatively unacknowledged throughout centuries of huge
 migratory movements largely dominated by  male stereotypes.
Nevertheless emigration had in fact profound effects in the life of women within the family circle, in society and in the 
labour market, and women  did strongly contribute to transform both individual immigration projects and  the Portuguese  communities in host societies.
Traditional Portuguese policies opposed and limited feminine emigration as women were expected to suffer "double 
discrimination" abroad (as foreigners and as women) but recent studies and  hearings of women speaking for themselves 
reveal that in many cases and for a majority of them, emigration signified more rights and opportunities.
In more prosperous, modern and egalitarian societies, they became aware of individual rights and of social causes and
 learned new ways of being wives, mothers and professional workers. They became a decisive factor in the integration and in
 the wellbeing of the whole family and very often an obstacle to the choice of returning to the country of origin.
Inside their ethnic group, they also played an important role in the setting up of cultural organisations guarding traditions 
and ways of being and living collectively. But the association movement is still mostly led by men, women reacting in 
some cases by creating their separate associations . The major institutions of Portuguese emigration are still less egalitarian
 than the host society as a whole  - although some more than others.
A comparative view of progress in this domain, through research, seminars and debates is a way to press for change.

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